Tips to play on a simple-system flute in classical music.

Tips to play on a simple-system flute in classical music.
1) To play in tone. You have to play in tone: playing out of tone is not historically correct and is not necessary when you play in a HIP way! Notice that a great flutist of the past as Tulou was well known for its perfect intonation… (he, like others, also invented the “notes sensibles”, but only in fast passages). Notice that your flute is a diatonic instrument. Remember this tip especially when you are playing with another cromatic instruments, such as the piano: you have to play together in tone, otherwise you have to be out of tone together…! Notice that “keys” can help you to correct the intonation. Test yourself in a creative practice: this is the best way! You can use an electronic tuner, but only in the secret of your room!
2) Finger technique. Finger technique is an important skill for every musician to practice, especially for those who play music of the ninth century, the period of great virtuosos. There is only one way to improve your skill: practice. This is the most important way to know your instrument and its possibilities. You have to study hard every method you can find (Tulou, Walckiers, Koehler, Furstenau, etc.), then forget everything you learned and play! Remember that there are three different kinds of flutes: small, medium and big finger-holes. Each one has with differents features: rules for one can’t work for another one!
3) The tone. I don’t know which is the best tone of the keyed flute, because quality is subjective. Some people like little, smooth and soft tones, others like strong, full and stretched tones… The tone has to be functional to the style, to the flute and to the period… The sound of Tulou is different from Kuhlau’s, because the first used a french little five-keyed (or another french model) and Kuhlau used a german flute. I invite you to discover the differences!